Ionic liquids are appropriate for the application of electrospray thruster propulsion due to their physical properties such as low volatility and high electrical conductivity. The behavior of ionic liquid droplets and resulting ion and cluster emission in the presence of an electric field impacts the efficiency and thrust of the electrospray thruster. The technique of molecular simulation allows for the study of ionic liquid nanodroplets in atomic detail which is a limitation in mass spectrometric experiments. This thesis discusses the investigation of nanodroplets of the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidaziolium bis(triuoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([Emim+][Tf2n-]) in the presence of an electric field using molecular dynamics simulations. The ratio of the single ions to large clusters emitted from the droplet are observed and compared with experiment. The critical field strength required for ion emission from the droplet agrees with experiment. The critical field strength is also computed as a function of droplet size. The thermal stabilities, structural and dynamical properties are analyzed for the ([Emim+][Tf2n-]) nanodroplets.
|Author||Pavithra C Tiruppathi|
|Advisor||Dr. Joan Brennecke|
|Contributor||Dr. Joan Brennecke, Committee Member|
|Contributor||Dr. Mark Stadtherr, Committee Member|
|Contributor||Dr. Edward Maginn, Committee Member|
|Degree Level||Master's Thesis|
|Degree Discipline||Chemical Engineering|
|Degree Name||Master of Science in Chemical Engineering|
|Departments and Units|
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|TiruppathiPC072011T.pdf||2.06 MB||application/pdf||University of Notre Dame|