The suppression of halide ion exchange between CsPbBr3 and CsPbI3 nanocrystals achieved through capping with PbSO4–oleate has enabled us to deposit different perovskite nanocrystals as aligned arrays on the electrode surfaces without intermixing of species. The electrophoretic deposition of PbSO4–oleate-capped CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I) nanocrystals suspended in hexane solution on mesoscopic TiO2 films allows the design of controlled architecture with single or multiple layers of perovskite films. The hierarchy in the assembly of these nanocrystals is seen first through the linearly organized nanocrystals in hexane followed by the deposition of larger linear rods ∼500 nm in length. Since most of the photophysical properties of nanocrystals are retained in these aligned arrays, we can design films with tunable luminescence including white color. The electrophoretic deposition of layered films of perovskites in a controlled fashion opens up new ways to design tandem perovskite solar cells and tunable display devices.
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