Relationships Between Benthic Organic Matter and Invertebrates in Sand Substrates of Northern Michigan Streams

Master's Thesis


Relationships between benthic organic matter (BOM) and macroinvertebrates have been well studied in streams with coarse substrates, but such relationships have been little studied in sand habitats, despite the abundance of sand in many streams. These relationships were investigated in sand habitats of 15 streams in three watersheds of the Ottawa National Forest, Michigan. BOM size composition and macroinvertebrate biomass in sand habitats differed among the three watersheds. However, at this broad spatial scale, BOM quantity and quality had little effect on invertebrate community metrics in sand habitats. Sand-dwelling invertebrates were dominated by gathering- collectors, primarily Chironomidae, in all streams. A 32-day colonization experiment demonstrated that at a local scale BOM content of sand significantly affected macroinvertebrate abundance, biomass, and functional feeding group composition. BOM content of sand habitats likely represents one factor, among many components of this dynamic habitat, which shapes overall macroinvertebrate communities.


Attribute NameValues
  • etd-12172004-140113

Author Asako Melody Yamamuro
Advisor Gary Lamberti
Contributor Gary Lamberti, Committee Member
Degree Level Master's Thesis
Degree Discipline Biological Sciences
Degree Name MS
Defense Date
  • 2004-12-08

Submission Date 2004-12-17
  • United States of America

  • colonization chambers

  • sand invertebrates

  • Upper Peninsula of Michigan

  • University of Notre Dame

  • English

Record Visibility Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

Departments and Units


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