Santa Maria in Trastevere: Overall view

Image

Description

Rome, Italy - Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere

It is possibly the first church in Rome where Mass was celebrated openly. It was probably built by Pope Julius I (337-352), although tradition claims that it may have been built before 313, perhaps as early as soon after Pope Calixtus’ death in 222. It was rebuilt under Pope Innocent II (1138-1148), in the first years of his pontificate. He kept the basilical plan, at a time when the Gothic style was gaining popularity in Northern Europe. “Although the present structure of S Maria in Trastevere is substantially that of Innocent II’s rebuilding, only the apse conch and the surrounding arch preserve their original decoration. Later additions and four major restorations have greatly altered the original appearance: that by Cardinal Marcus Sitticus Altemps in 1580-1595, Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini in 1612-1620, Clement XI (reigned 1700-1721) and Pius IX (reigned 1846-1878), who commissioned Virgilio Vespignani’s remodelling of the church from 1863. The conch mosaic shows Christ Enthroned and the Crowned Virgin (1148).”

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
Alternate Title
  • Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere

Creator
  • G. Massiot & cie

Subject
  • Decorative arts

  • Churches

  • Sculpture, Italian

  • Architecture

  • Tombs

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • Romanesque

  • Early Christian

Place of Creation
  • +41.889444+12.469722

  • Rome, Lazio, Italy: Piazza di Santa Maria in Trastevere

  • Rome

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Record Visibility Public
Content License

Collections

Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of Italy

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