Examining the Influence of the Nutritional Environment on Antibiotic Susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Master's Thesis

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is a crucial problem facing modern society as all pathogens inevitably evolve resistance to known antibiotics. However, the susceptibility of bacteria to existing antibiotics is only readily understood in select environmental contexts. The bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been shown to exhibit reduced susceptibility to aminoglycoside antibiotics when grown with moderate or low concentrations of calcium (Ca2+). This form of resistance has been linked to membrane-based two-component systems, which act as efflux pumps for the antibiotic when calcium is present. Other antibiotic classes, such as ß-lactams, are not known to be influenced by these efflux pumps. In this thesis, I explore the ability of calcium levels to influence antibiotic susceptibility when considering glucose or glutamate as carbon sources for bacterial growth. P. aeruginosa exhibited decreased susceptibility when exposed to gentamicin and ceftazidime and supplemented with calcium and glutamate. These trends were not observed with ciprofloxacin.


Attributes

Attribute NameValues
Author Aleksandar Dimkovikj
Contributor Na Wei, Committee Member
Contributor Kyle J. Bibby, Committee Member
Contributor Joshua D. Shrout, Research Director
Degree Level Master's Thesis
Degree Discipline Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Degree Name Master of Science in Environmental Engineering
Banner Code
  • MSENVG

Defense Date
  • 2019-03-13

Submission Date 2019-04-02
Subject
  • Plate dilution assay

  • Minimal media

  • 96-well plate assay

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa

  • Ciprofloxacin

  • Media conditions

  • Ceftazidime

  • Antibiotics

  • Susceptibility

  • Gentamicin

Language
  • English

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