Reforming the Raj: Florence Nightingale's biomedical liberalism in British India
Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) is best known as the founder of the nursing profession and for her work on training nurses and improving medical conditions for soldiers fighting in Crimea in the 1850s. However, Nightingale was more broadly interested and influential in social reform, particularly in India. Her expertise became so well-known that nearly every viceroy serving between 1857 and the end of the century consulted her at her home in London on issues of health and sanitation before taking up his post.
Following the so-called Indian Rebellion of 1857 and the reorganization of British power, Nightingale turned much of her attention toward the Indian peasant, or ryot, class. Nightingale?s suggestions came in the form of a systematic social reform, intertwining liberal politics, land rights, technological innovation, and health care. What Nightingale advocated was a civilizing mission, of sorts, in the guise of a hygiene campaign.
My dissertation will contribute to the history of social medicine, public health, and nineteenth-century social policy. But by contextualizing Nightingale?s program within the colonial structure of nineteenth-century India, I also seek to discuss her work in terms of the history of Indian policy and political thought.
| Author ||Jessica Baron|
| Advisor ||Christopher Hamlin|
| Contributor ||Jayanta Sengupta, Committee Member|
| Contributor ||Thomas Stapleford, Committee Member|
| Contributor ||Christopher Hamlin, Committee Chair|
| Contributor ||James Smyth, Committee Member|
| Degree Level ||Doctoral Dissertation|
| Degree Discipline ||History and Philosophy of Science|
| Degree Name ||Doctor of Philosophy|
| Submission Date ||2013-04-19|
|Departments and Units