Explaining Feelings of Safety in Honduras: Demographic Vulnerabilities, Perceptions of Local Order, and Organizational Participation

Master's Thesis

Abstract

Honduras has exceptionally high rates of crime and violence, a great deal of which occurs in low-income, urban neighborhoods. Despite this, little scholarly attention has been given to how safe (or unsafe) the residents of such neighborhoods feel and how their levels of fear vary based on demographic attributes, perceptions of disorder, social relationships, and participation in local organizations. In this thesis, I leverage survey data collected in eleven low-income neighborhoods from across Honduras. Using a series of multinomial logistic models, I show that perceptions of social disorder and community cohesion and prior victimization are strong predictors of fear and that these variables provide greater explanatory power than the demographic attributes commonly referred to in studies from the United States and other developed countries. I then turn to the issue of collective efficacy, showing that individuals with higher levels of participation in community organizations are less likely to express feelings of fear, with this effect being the strongest for state-oriented - rather than civic or religious - organizations. This research serves to extend and deepen scholarly understanding of fear of crime in the unique context of Central America.

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
Author Leslie Elva MacColman
Contributor Ann Mische, Committee Member
Contributor Kraig Beyerlein, Committee Member
Contributor Erin McDonnell, Research Director
Degree Level Master's Thesis
Degree Discipline Sociology
Degree Name Master of Arts
Defense Date
  • 2016-04-11

Submission Date 2016-06-03
Subject
  • Urban Sociology; Fear of Crime; Civic Participation; Honduras

Language
  • English

Record Visibility and Access Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

Departments and Units

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