Rebeliones urbanas: narrativas sobre la violencia popular latinoamericana

Doctoral Dissertation
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Abstract

Esta disertación examina una serie de representaciones literarias sobre revueltas populares, ocurridas a lo largo del siglo XX en América Latina. La tesis analiza un circuito heterodoxo de textualidades: novelas, crónicas, autobiografías, folletos, memorias, antologías poéticas, etc., producidas a propósito de la Revolta da Vacina (Río de Janeiro 1904), El Bogotazo (1948), El Cordobazo (1969) y El Caracazo (1989). La disertación analiza la obra de autores canónicos como Lima Barreto, Manuel Zapata Olivella, Martín Caparrós y, menos canónicos, como José Vieira, José Antonio Lizarazo y Yeniter Poleo, entre otros. En sus obras, estos intelectuales intentan explicar el sentido de las revueltas, atribuyéndose una comprensión de la violencia popular desde la autoridad de la letra. Esta disertación sostiene, por tanto, que estas obras sobrecodifican la violencia popular dentro de un campo de sentido intelectual, y que esta literatura es posible leer una serie de ansiedades letradas sobre las transformaciones demográficas, raciales y políticas, de la ciudad latinoamericana del siglo XX. En síntesis, esta disertación tiene como objetivo analizar una serie de discursos que interpretaron y definieron la violencia popular, poniendo de relieve la función pública del intelectual latinoamericano vis-à-vis el adevenimiento político de las masas populares-urbanas.

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This dissertation examines literary and cinematic representations of urban riots and political unrest in Latin America throughout the twentieth century. Rather than working on the Revolutionary canon, I work on a series of revolutions that “never were,” uprisings that failed to challenge the State. My study focuses on novels, chronicles, autobiographies, and documentaries produced in response to: the “Revolta da Vacina” (Río de Janeiro 1904), “El Bogotazo” (Bogotá 1948), “El Cordobazo” (Córdoba 1969), and “El Caracazo” (Caracas 1989). I analyze work by authors such as Gabriel García Márquez, Lima Barreto, Manuel Zapata Olivella, Martín Caparrós, and less canonical writers such as José Vieira, José Antonio Lizarazo, and Yeniter Poleo. These public intellectuals interpret and explain urban violence, and position themselves as authorities in understanding these revolts. I argue that this cultural production narrowly renders violence either as an irrational expression or as part of a teleological revolutionary process, due to intellectuals’ anxieties about demographic, racial, and political transformations of the Latin American city. My research thus aims to understand this constellation of discourses that interpreted and defined urban violence during the twentieth century. It ultimately contributes to the ongoing conversation on collective violence by foregrounding the mediating role of literature and cinema in representing urban unrest.

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
Alternate Title
  • Urban Rebellions: Narratives on Latin American Popular Violence

Author Hector Alfonso Melo Ruiz
Contributor Sarah Ann Wells, Committee Member
Contributor Carlos Jauregui, Research Director
Contributor Ben Heller, Committee Member
Contributor Thomas Anderson, Committee Member
Degree Level Doctoral Dissertation
Degree Discipline Spanish
Degree Name Doctor of Philosophy
Submission Date 2018-06-11
Subject
  • Intellectuals

  • Riots in Literature

  • Collective Violence

  • Lettered City

  • Latin American Literature

  • Latin American Intellectual

Language
  • Spanish

Record Visibility and Access Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

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